JWST Slit Spectroscopy Roadmap

Words in bold are GUI menus/
panels or data software packages; 
bold italics are buttons in GUI
tools or package parameters.

A roadmap to guide users, step-by-step, through the process of designing a JWST slit spectroscopy observing program using NIRSpec or MIRI, is provided in this article.

Each step listed below is followed by a list of articles with additional details.

  1. Choose which instrument you wish to use, based on the wavelength range of interest. Roughly, 5 μm is the boundary between NIRSpec and MIRI.

  2. Choose your method of target acquisition. 
    NIRSpec Target Acquisition - NIRSpec has 3 options.  In brief, None is not recommended, and WATA will generally suffice.
    MIRI LRS Slit Target Acquisition - TA is recommended for the LRS slit.

  3. Decide if a mosaic or a single slit pointing is desired. See the detailed mosaic guides for more information
    NIRSpec FS and IFU Mosaic APT Guide
    MIRI LRS Mosaics

  4. Decide on the slit(s), subarray(s), grating(s), and filter(s).
    NIRSpec Dispersers and Filters - NIRSpec provides many options.
    For MIRI, you should choose FULL subarray in the APT to ensure that you observe in the slit.  If a spectral resolving power greater than 200 is desired, then the MRS may be a better choice.

  5. Choose a dither pattern.  
    NIRSpec FS Dither and Nod Patterns - NIRSpec offers many patterns.  
    MIRI LRS Dithering - If observing a more extended source, 2 options are available. The user can either create a dedicated background (which is the preferred method) or use the MAPPING dither pattern. See MIRI LRS Recommended Strategies for further guidance on background observations.

  6. Calculate exposure times, both for TA and for science observation, using the Exposure Time Calculator (ETC). Both NIRSpec and MIRI provide a great deal more information on readout modes:
    NIRSpec Detector Readout Modes and Patterns
    MIRI Detector Readout Overview

  7. Create an APT file. Step-by-step instructions are available for both NIRSpec and the MIRI LRS:
    NIRSpec Fixed Slit Spectroscopy APT Template
    MIRI LRS APT Template
    For questions about the APT not covered by the 2 links above, see the JWST APT Overview.

Go to the Getting Started with JWST Proposing to complete the steps for proposal submission.

Notable updates
    Updated text to align with changes to APT
Originally published