NIRCam Subpixel Dithers

JWST NIRCam subpixel dithers are small pointing offsets between exposures that mitigate an undersampled PSF and bad detector pixels.

NIRCam subpixel dithers are small pointing offsets performed between exposures in imaging, coronagraphy, and wide field slitless spectroscopy observations. They include subpixel offsets designed to mitigate undersampled PSFs. The available subpixel dither patterns serve different purposes for different observing modes:

  • NIRCam standard subpixel dithers, for imaging observations, are small telescope pointing maneuvers (0.2"–2") designed to optimally sample the PSF and improve the spatial resolution of stacked images.
  • NIRCam small grid dithers, for imaging and coronagraphy, are very small pointing shifts (<0.06") performed quickly and precisely with the fine steering mirror:
    • Imaging small grid dithers perform the same optimal pixel subsampling as standard subpixel dithers, but with smaller shifts performed with more efficiency.
    • Coronagraphy small grid dithers are designed to optimize PSF subtraction of a reference star from the science target.
  • NIRCam WFSS subpixel dithers (WFSS) are small telescope pointing maneuvers (~0.6") optimized to improve long wavelength grism observations and short wavelength simultaneously-obtained images.

The complete primary and subpixel dither patterns are available as ASCII tables, in arcseconds:



Anderson, J. 2009, JWST-STScI-001738
Dither Patterns for NIRCam Imaging

Anderson, J. 2011, JWST-STScI-002199
NIRCam Dithering Strategies I: A Least Squares Approach to Image Combination

Anderson, J., 2014, JWST-STScI-002473
NIRCam Dithering Strategies II: Primaries, Secondaries, and Sampling

Coe, D. 2017, JWST-STScI-005798
More Efficient NIRCam Dither Patterns

Koekemoer, A. M. & Lindsay, K. 2005, JWST-STScI-000647
An Investigation of Optimal Dither Strategies for JWST

Lajoie, C-P et al., 2016, SPIE, 99045K
Small-grid dithers for the JWST coronagraphs

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