Treatment of limiting contrast (Climit) is based on current information about telescope aberrations and the expected performance of JWST NIRISS/AMI.
Limiting-contrast (Climit(s) ) is the companion-to-host flux ratio of the minimum detectable companion. It is the detection limit and the best that can be done.
See the article Contrast Considerations for JWST High-Contrast Imaging for a general treatment of "contrast" (C ), including Climit(s) in particular.
Climit(s) is a function of essentially everything related to high contrast imaging (HCI): myriad eclectic technical factors and procedures, end-to-end.
This treatment of Climit(s) for NIRISS/AMI is based on Greenbaum et al. (2015).
Limiting contrast, Climit(s), for NIRISS/AMI
Figure 1 shows the best available treatment of Climit(s) for the NIRISS AMI. This graphic is adapted from Figure 6 in Greenbaum et al. (2015).
The "technical factors" or assumptions behind the curves in Figure 1 include:
Under those assumptions, Figure 1 shows the estimated limiting contrast ratio for 5-sigma detection of a faint companion near a bright host as a function of their apparent separation s in mas.
If the user's operating point (s, Cflux) lies above a color curve, that source is detectable under the technical and procedural assumptions of Greenbaum et al. (2015).
This is the best information on limiting performance for NIRISS/AMI at the current time. In the future, with a better understandings of wavefront errors and other technical factors—or when users become interested in different combinations of technical factors—improved calculations of Climit(s) will be made available.
Meanwhile, users may be able to extrapolated estimates of Climit(s) using the Exposure Time Calculator (ETC) and other proposal tools.
Greenbaum, A.Z., Pueyo, L., Sivaramakrishnan, A., et al. 2015, ApJ, 798, 68