MIRI MRS Target Acquisition
Target acquisition for MIRI MRS mode
Observers using the MIRI medium-resolution spectrometer (MRS)integral field unit (IFU) may wish to use a target acquisition (TA) procedure to refine the blind JWST pointing accuracy prior to science observations, especially at the shortest wavelengths. This TA improves the pointing precision of the MIRI MRS to 90 mas (1-σ radial), which is approximately the half width of a slice at the shortest wavelength. TA may be performed with the FND, F560W, F1000W and F1500W filters. Note that the TA centroiding procedure loses accuracy if the pixels are saturated so a brightness limit (Table 1) must also be considered for the target.
Table 1. Saturation limits for MRS target acquisition for sources of a given blackbody temperature
300 K hard saturation
1,000 K hard saturation
The MRS target acquisition sequence uses a region of interest (ROI) on the MIRI imager located as close to the MRS as possible to minimize offset distances after target acquisition. As illustrated in Figure 1, a 48 × 48 pixel ROI is defined at the upper right corner of the MIRI imager.
Additionally, some observations with the MRS either do not require or cannot perform target acquisition. Examples of such observations are spectral mapping of extended objects, measurements of faint diffuse targets, or dedicated background observations.
Sivaramakrishnan, S. et al. 2006, NGST, DRD#D36177, Rev. B,
JWST Pointing Error Allocation and Performance Prediction Analysis