The imaging mode of JWST's Near Infrared Imager and Slitless Spectrograph (NIRISS) images its entire 2.2' × 2.2' FOV at ~0.065"/pixel using 12 filters covering 0.8–5.0 μm. This mode is only available in parallel or for calibrations.
The NIRISS imaging mode enables standard multi-wavelength imaging over the NIRISS detector's 2.2' × 2.2' field of view with an image scale of 0.065"/pixel, using a suite of 12 filters to cover the wavelength range 0.8–5.0 μm.
Imaging is a fundamental component of the wide field slitless spectroscopy mode of NIRISS. However, the imaging mode will only be used as a "prime" capability to collect data for instrumental calibrations.
Although most JWST imaging science programs will use NIRCam at near-IR wavelengths, NIRISS science imaging can be used effectively for parallel observations with other instruments. Currently, NIRISS imaging is only supported to be used in parallel when NIRCam imaging is used as the prime science mode. Parallel observations with NIRCam are particularly interesting because all the NIRISS filters (except for F158M) have essentially identical counterparts in NIRCam. Consequently, NIRISS effectively becomes a third channel of NIRCam when the two instruments are used in parallel.
Other prime+parallel combinations involving NIRISS imaging in parallel will be considered for implementation in cycle 2.
Target acquisition is not needed for the imaging mode.
Exposures with short wavelength filters in the pupil wheel (PW) are implemented in combination with the CLEAR aperture in the filter wheel (FW). For imaging with any of the long wavelength filters located in the FW, the CLEARP aperture is used in the PW.
Main article: NIRISS Filters
NIRISS has 12 filters in the pupil (PW) and filter wheels (FW) that collectively cover the wavelength range between 0.8 and 5.0 μm.
The PW carries four wideband (F090W, F115W, F150W, F200W) and two medium-band (F158M, F140M) filters, all of which are centered at wavelengths shorter than 2.3 μm.
The FW has three wideband (F277W, F444W, F356W) and three medium-band (F430M, F380M, F480M) long wavelength filters.
Main article: NIRISS Detector Subarrays
The NIRISS imaging mode will use the entire detector array to obtain direct images for the wide field slitless spectroscopy (WFSS) mode and parallel science observations. Calibration data will be taken using subarrays; details are available in the NIRISS subarrays page.
Imaging dither patterns
Main article: NIRISS Dithers
Dithering is important for direct imaging observations with NIRISS, in particular at wavelengths ≤3 μm where the PSF is signficantly undersampled. Details of available patterns for different modes are available in the NIRISS Dithers article.
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Fullerton, A., 2016, ESAC JWST "On Your Mark" Workshop,
NIRISS: Imaging and Interferometry